In 1979, while still
a doctoral student at Portland State University in Portland,
Oregon, Paul LaViolette made a prediction, which like Einstein's
prediction of the bending of starlight may one day be destined
to shake the world. At that time, he was developing a unified
field theory called subquantum
kinetics.(1-3) Unlike string theory, which has never made any
testable predictions, LaViolette's subquantum kinetics theory
has made a number of apriori predictions, ten of which have thus
far been confirmed.(4) One in particular challenges the most fundamental
of physical laws, the law of energy conservation. Subquantum
kinetics predicts that a photon's energy should not remain constant
but rather should change with time, that photons traveling through
interstellar space or trapped within stars or planets should
continually increase in energy, although at a very slow rate.
For example, his theory predicts that a photon traveling through
our solar system should increase its energy at a rate of somewhat
greater than one part in 1018 per second.
year later in 1980 LaViolette devised an experiment to test for
the effect. This involved transmitting a maser (microwave laser)
signal back and forth between a pair of spacecraft, one located
near the Earth and the other located near Jupiter. The entire
round-trip signal path would be sufficiently long to produce
a detectable blueshift which could be checked to see if his theory
was correct. A description of his experiment later appeared in
a paper that was published in 1985 in a special issue of the
International Journal of General
JPL scientist John Anderson, who had been
routinely monitoring spacecraft maser signal tracking data to
look for evidence of gravity waves, later began to notice that
a blueshifting effect may be present in the Pioneer 10 data.
In 1992 his team began a formal statistical study to investigate
the matter further, and in September 1998 they publicly announced
that they had found a persistent unexplained blueshift in the
maser signal data being transponded back from the Pioneer spacecraft.
Anderson's paper was published a month later in the journal Physical Review Letters.(5)
"unexplained" phenomenon has come to be known as the
"Pioneer effect" or as the "Pioneer anomaly."
Hence the NASA JPL findings were a direct confirmation of the
effect that LaViolette had sought. As LaViolette notes in his
paper which appeared recently in the journal Physics Essays,(6)
the frequency blueshift observed in Pioneer spacecraft maser
signal data was within two standard deviations of the amount
he had predicted as early as 1980.
JPL group attributed this blueshift to an anomalous force accelerating
the spacecraft toward the Sun. In his Physics Essays paper,
LaViolette points out that their anomalous force interpretation
is problematic since, if a force of the magnitude they proposed
were present, it would also necessarily be pushing the planets
towards the Sun and cause their orbital periods to accelerate.
But the planetary orbital periods are known to very high precision,
and astronomical data shows that no such orbital acceleration
effect is present, a point also acknowledged in Anderson's paper.
a photon's energy to be like money that you put in a bank. According
to subquantum kinetics, if you come back in a billion years,
the photon will have earned 10% interest. That is, you will find
the photon to be 10% more energetic. This excess energy is a
violation of the law of energy conservation, the First Law of
Thermodynamics, which requires that the photon should have the
same energy no matter how many billions of years your photon
money is left in the bank. While the rate of energy change that
LaViolette proposes is far too small to measure in the laboratory,
if present it would be extremely significant for astrophysics.
Essentially, it would require that astrophysicists scrap all
their existing theories on stellar evolution and stellar energy
production. Although the energy excess produced by any given
photon each second would be incredibly small, when the cumulative
effect of trillions upon trillions of photons inside a planet
or star are added up, the amount of energy becomes quite sizable.
LaViolette coined the term "genic energy" to refer
to this spontaneously created energy which he says should be
continually produced within all celestial bodies and which can
account for most if not all of the energy radiated by planets
and red dwarf stars.
early test of the genic energy prediction he conducted in 1979
determined whether planets such as Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and
Neptune might be producing energy in their interiors. The answer
was affirmative. Infrared telescope measurements made by various
spacecraft showed that indeed the planets radiated substantial
amounts of heat from their interiors. As a further test, in 1979
LaViolette plotted the mass-luminosity coordinates for each of
these planets along the mass-luminosity trend line for red dwarf
stars. They conformed to this relation just as his theory predicted.
This conformance is unexplained by standard theories, leaving
the genic energy concept to be the only viable explanation. In
fact, it was by performing a model fit to this planetary-stellar
M-L data that LaViolette was able to derive a numerical value
expected for the rate of photon blueshifting in interplanetary
the U.S. Patent Office rejects patents on so called free-energy
devices that claim to generate energy without burning any kind
of fuel by citing violation of the First Law of Thermodynamics.
Even though the inventor in many cases provides signed affidavits
of witnesses claiming to have tested the device, many inventions
which might provide us with an alternative to burning hydrocarbon
fuels end up in society's trash bin. By substantiating LaViolette's
earlier work, JPL's findings cast doubt on the absolute validity
of this law. With global warming well upon us, it is time the
physics community gives serious consideration to LaViolette's
Time line indicating date of LaViolette's
prediction and date of its verification by the JPL team.
1) Paul A. LaViolette, "An introduction to subquantum
kinetics." Parts I, II, and III. International Journal
of General Systems 11 (1985):281-345.
2) Paul A. LaViolette, Subquantum Kinetics:
A Systems Approach to Physics and Cosmology (Niskayuna, NY:
Starlane Publications, 1994, 2003); http://starburstfound.org/LaVioletteBooks/Book-SQK.html.
3) Paul A. LaViolette, Genesis of the
Cosmos: The Ancient Science of Continuous Creation (Rochester,
VT: Bear & Co., 1995, 2003); http://etheric.com/LaVioletteBooks/Book-BBB.htm;
4) See list at: http://starburstfound.org/predictions-part-2/.
5) John D. Anderson, et al., Physical
Review Letters 81 (1998): 2858-2863; Eprint http://arXiv.org/abs/gr-qc/9808081.
6) Paul A. LaViolette, "The Pioneer
maser signal anomaly: Possible confirmation of spontaneous photon
blueshifting." Physics Essays 18(2) (2005): 150-163.